Mobile satellite services (MSS) are the telecommunication services delivered through satellite to mobile users. To establish communication between devices or portable terminals. These portable terminals could be handheld by person such as cellular telephone or mounted on a car or ship. MSS extend mobile communication beyond terrestrial based wireless system, and allows coverage worldwide.
MSS use L-band and S-band frequencies of radio spectrum for the communication between the mobile earth station, and terminals in space or on ground These services are used for transmission of emergency traffic such as distress, and safety messages during the disasters, sports venues, war zones, and communication breakdowns for an emergency communication. MSS allow remote communication of voice, and data between the terminals.
MSS are scalable, secure and could be deployed rapidly. MSS are useful for the high speed voice and data communication services in the areas with no terrestrial coverage. Likewise, with the help of MSS instant communication is established at anywhere without any interruption. These factors are expected to drive demand for MSS in coming years.
However, less allocated bandwidth for the transmission, and poor quality of voice in inadequate signal conditions is a major issue for the growth of MSS market. Furthermore, MSS operators require to deploy gateway earth stations to provide services. In addition, there are restrictions on use of satellite by governments, thus satellite operators require to obtain government approval or enter into a contract with domestic entity to provide services. These factors are expected to restrain the large scale adoption of MSS.
Flourishing internet of thing (IoT) market, with an integration of MSS into IoT landscape for a secure, and reliable exchange of data at high speed provides opportunity for the MSS market. International telecommunication union radio communication sector (ITU-R) is identifying additional bands for new allocation to MSS to counterpart the bandwidth problem. Moreover, with the increasing competition in internet services market, mobile network providers are using MSS to extend their coverage in rural or remote areas in an immediate and cost effective way.